IFCCS4 LSE Seminar Series

Page Contents >
  • Abstract
  • Speaker’s Biography

On the occasion of the Fourth International Forum on Contemporary China Studies (IFCCS4, the University of Nottingham, UK), the China in Comparative Perspective Network (CCPN) invited several well-known Chinese scholars to LSE to give a series of seminars from the 14th to 16th September. The seminar series are sponsored by the Confucius Institute Business for London (CIBL), and held at the Seligman Library (OLD 6.05), Old Building, LSE. Light refreshments are available. All welcome, but places are limited. Please reserve your place by replying to ccpn@lse.ac.uk or x.chang@lse.ac.uk .

Time and Date: 15:00-17:00, 14th September (Wednesday)
Chair: Professor Stephan Feuchtwang(CCPN Director)
Speaker: Professor WEN Tiejun
Title: Eight financial crises and their 'soft landings' in China over the past six decades

Time and Date: 19:00-21:0014th September (Wednesday)
Chair: Professor Stephan Feuchtwang (CCPN Director)
Speaker: Professor LU Xueyi
Title:   Construction of 'society modernization' is the major task in the next three decades
(Note: This seminar will be given in Chinese, but with English PPT)

Time and Date: 19:00-21:00, 15th September (Thursday)
Chair: Dr Kent Deng (CCPN Co-Director, Reader in Economic history)
Seminar 1 Society Re-construction: Experience & Challenges, Prof ZHANG Jing (Dept of Sociology, Peking University)
Seminar 2: How to understand China's politics, Professor JING Yuejin (Dept of Political Science, Tsinghua University)

Time and Date: 19:00-21:00, 16th September (Friday)
Chair: Dr Xiangqun Chang (CCPN Coordinator, Research Fellow)
Speakers: all speakers come from Department of Anthropology, School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University
Seminar 1: Professor ZHU Jiangang: Relational Transition between NGOs and Government -- Case studies of Three NGOs in contemporary China
Seminar 2: Professor LIU Zhiyang: Inheritance and Vicissitudes of the Tibetan Diet —Anthropological Fieldwork in a Tibetan Rural Community
Seminar 3:  Dr DUAN Ying: Being Chinese in Burma: Ethnicity and Cultural Citizenship
Speaker 4: Professor ZHOU Daming: Department of Anthropology at Sun Yat-sen University and the Development of Anthropology in China

Abstract

Eight financial crises and their 'soft landings' in China over the past six decades

WEN Tiejun

After the Second World War, China, the country with the largest indigenous population, had once gone beyond a developmental trap—when its process of the statist capital primitive accumulation had not yet completed, it was forced to have 'delinking' under the blockage of international society, due to its broken relation to the Soviet Union and the suspension of investment. This led to crises of debt-deficit in 1959 and 1968 ̶   during the 60s China had to work hard for self-sufficiency. Actually, this is a model of 'L' (Labour) replacing 'K' (Capital)—a high collectivization of labour for national basic infrastructure, in order to replace the scarcity of capital [the author's note 1: in our many papers, we have explained that the strategic adjustment out of passive de-linking largely happened during the 1960s. However, we have not enough  data to further analyse how this kind of major strategic adjustment leads to the passive changing of the Soviet-model of the upper structure and the ideological terrain]. In the early 1970s, with the cessation of the Soviet nuclear threat, China restored its diplomatic relations to the west, continued to import machinery through national debt, and adopted a policy of 'pro-capital' like other countries experiencing scarcity of capital. Afterwards, two crises of debt-deficit happened in 1974 and 1979 [the author's note 2: according to the "World Investment Report 1995 and 2009", since 1991, the policy favoured an expansion of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). In 1991, 35 countries in the world adjusted the policy of FDI. Of 82 adjustments, 80 were pro-FDI expansion, only 2 for its restriction. From 2001-2005, there were more than 200 changes to FDI policy in the world, of which 90% were in favour of FDI expansion]. In the 1980s, China's industrial capital completed its stage of primary accumulation, after which structural adjustment, and the accompanying expansion of industrial capital, and the pursuit of "capital and technological intensity" could take place. The debt-deficits of 1988 and 1994 were two outcomes. Pushed by the ideologized discourse of reform, in the late 1990s, China was hastily integrated into the world economy. However, as a country itself having tremendous industrial capital surplus, it entered the process of globalization at a time when there was already a serious surplus. Hence, it not only worsened the global situation of surplus, but also drove the surplus industrial capital, searching for "low" institutional costs and risks, to change global industrial structures dramatically. With increasing over-dependency on export-oriented industry, two imported inflation crises occurred, in 1998 and 2008. All the eight crises above mentioned share a characteristic: if the institutional costs could be transferred to the countryside, then there were soft-landings in the city. Otherwise, there were hard-landings…..

Construction of 'society modernization' is the major task in the next three decades

LU Xueyi

About 50 years ago, Mr. Zhou Enlai, at that time Chinese premier, delivered a government report that turned China into a powerful country with modernizatised systems of agriculture, industry, defend and science & technology. About 40 years ago, on the 6th December 1972,  Mr. Deng Xiaoping had a talk with the Japanese premier foretelling Four Modernizations, that is, that by the end of 20th century, average per person GDP would have risen to $1000, and China would have become a moderately prosperous society. Modernization is a historic process by which a country or area undergoes transformation from a traditional agricultural society to a modern industrial one. That is, a country or area must realize modernization not only of its economy but in politics, culture and society. At present, Chinese social modernization is being realized by social construction. The paper will attempt to rediscover the reason, conditions, goal and development period of social construction.

ZHANG Jing: Society Re-construction: Experience & Challenges

With China's rapid economic development, the issue of how to reconstruct Chinese society has attracted great concern. For grass-roots social integration, examination of Chinese experience offers two traditional mechanisms: one is based on original blood and geographical relationships; the other features collectivization of production and redistribution under the the Danwei system in a socialist state. However, both these mechanisms are facing big challenges. The former, with its emphasis on strong locality and division features of close relationships,  it is does not easily lend itself to playing a social role in public realms; the latter, with its passive connections and strong administrative arrangements, keeps people from building up cooperative relations based on mutual understanding and recognition. All in all, transformation toward a plural and heterogeneous society is greatly changing the conditions in which  the two traditional mechanismswere delveloped and must now operate. From my point of view, in the new situation, we should concentrate our attention on the construction of new public relationships and new forms of social integration. We can tell all the story of what these relationships and patterns are right now, andknow that in the future they should be based on the principle of shared interests and values among members of society.

 JING Yuejin: How to understand China's politics

During more than three decades of reform and opening up, great changes have taken place not only in the economic area but also in social and political life in China. However, the latter, especially political change, seem to have gone beyond the framework of expression of mainstream discourse in Political Science. Whether it is a case of external criticism based on universal values, or of considering (the China regime's) collapse, embarrassing academic difficulties. In this case, empirical analysis of China's political changes requires a new conceptual framework. To this end, we put two core questions. The first asks what concepts can be used to understand changes in contemporary Chinese politics? Terms such as 'party-state system', 'pendulum phenomenon', 'political evolution within the existing system' are considered to be helpful in achieving this goal. The second question is to ask if we can look at all these Chinese political changes in the perspective of comparative democratization. To this end, we propose a new dichotomy, the distinction between the source of power (or access to power) and the exercise of power. A new way of thinking about democratization can be revealed as follows: when the sources of power remain relatively stable, can the democratization process start with the exercise of power in substantive areas? This new angle, in my view, can help us to understand the relationship between government and citizens in contemporary China, in many dimensions such as representation, response, accountability, responsibility, legitimacy, etc.

 ZHU Jiangang: Relational Transition between NGO and Government
---- Case studies of Three NGOs in contemporary China

  The beginning of the 21 century witnesses the rise of NGOs in China. Through analysis of three types of NGO, this paper argues that the relationship of NGOs and government is in the throes of deep and complicated transition. In the process of interaction, both sides depoliticized the NGOs' activities and limit their interaction in the field of development and social welfare. Furthermore, middlemen between government and NGOs play an important role in obtaining a useful interaction. The expertise in services and resource providence are the base of cooperation. However, a patriarchy model of the state still dominates this field. It challenges the autonomy of the NGOs. In the long run, the useful interaction is what legitimate the participation of NGOs in the social welfare policy process.

 LIU Zhiyang: Inheritance and Vicissitude of the Tibetan Diet
—Anthropological Fieldwork in Tibetan Rural Community

  The dietary structure and customs of the Tibetans include both simple and complex elements. The transition from a diet composed mainly of tsampa and butter tea to the integration of alien and industrialized foodstuffs into the Tibetan dietary culture reflects, in a way, the process of adaptation, integration and vicissitude of the Tibetan rural community during modernization. I explore the relationship between traditional culture and modernization in Tibetan rural communities in the process of cultural interaction and modernization by studying the dietary structure and customs of Tibetan farmers in Nyang-re Township on the northern outskirts of Lhasa, the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR).

 DUAN Ying: Being Chinese in Burma: Ethnicity and Cultural Citizenship

The Chinese have a long history of living in Burma. However, most Burmese Chinese live in an insecure and uncertain world till now due to unequal citizenship. This research focuses on ethnicity and cultural citizenship of Chinese in Burma, a Buddhist state in Southeast Asia. Based on field work and ethnographical study on the Chinese community in Burma, it explores how Chinese people 1) live in Burma, especially under the military dictatorship, and The Burmese nationalism and injustice they encounter; 2) negotiate their rights and interests through various kinds of social activities and strategies; 3) construct their cultural citizenship, ethnic identity and national belonging under marginalized social circumstances. This talk will engage with a crucial issue: being Chinese in Burma.

 ZHOU Daming: Department of Anthropology at Sun Yat-sen University
and the Development of Anthropology in China

This talk takes the research of anthropology and ethnology in Sun Yat-sen University as an example, making a historical review and reconsideration to the development of anthropology and ethnology in China. Not only is the goal to reconsider success and failure in the process of the discipline development, but also to respond to the demand of development and international dialogue in the context of globalization. The article consists of four parts: Firstly, through reviewing the origins of the department of Anthropology at Sun Yat-sen University, we describe the how the anthropology and ethnology spread in China and their practical process. Secondly, although the department of Anthropology was suspended for a period of time, it continued to do anthropological research under the cover of the archeology and ethnology. This reflects the development situation of China's anthropology and ethnology in the particular historical period. Thirdly, we will introduce the reconstruction and prosperity of the anthropology in China through displaying the characteristics of the current study in the department of anthropology at Sun Yat-sen University. Finally, we will reconsider the experience of discipline development, and discuss the direction of anthropology in the future.

Speaker’s Biography

WEN Tiejun,Professor,Executive Dean, Institute of Advanced Studies for Sustainability, Dean, School of Agricultural Economics & Rural Development, Director, Institute of Rural Finance at Renmin University of China, PRC. He is a member of the State Consultant Committee of Environment Protection, Vice Chair-Person of the China Society of Agricultural Economics, and Deputy Secretary-General, China Macroeconomic Research Foundation. He is a renowned expert on social-economic sustainable development and rural issues, especially in policy studies on current affairs, the macro-economic, and geo-strategy of south-south cooperatives, and long-term inclusive growth. His main publications include: Three Dimensional of Agrarian Issue and Institutional Transformations, Research on Rural China's Basic Economy System, Report on China's Constructing a New Socialist Countryside, Reading Southern Jiangsu Province, Reading Pearl River Delta: a Research on Guangdong's Developmental Model and the Strategy of Economic Adjustment Structure, The Centurial Reflection on the Three Dimensional Agrarian Issue,What Exactly Do We Want?, and Deconstructing Modernization, among others.

LU Xueyi, Lu Xueyi, Professor of Sociology, outstanding contributions expert of the State Council, famous sociologist and expert in "San Nong" issues. He is honorary academician of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), Emeritus Academic Committee member of the CASS, Honorary President of the Chinese Sociological Association (CSA). He served as Director of the Institute of Sociology in CASS from 1987-1998. He is Director of the College of humanities and social sciences in BJUT (from 2000 to now). His main research areas are sociological theory, social structure, and rural development theory. He has chaired several important projects of the national philosophy and social sciences fund, and written about 200 articles in important journals. His main publications: Golden time of rural development, Rural Areas and Peasants in the Process of Reform(1992), Chinese Society in Transformation(1994), On San Nong---The Study of Agriculture, Rural areas and Peasants in china's Today(2002), Social Mobility in Contemporary China(2004), 60 Years Social Development in Beijing(2008), Social Structure in Contemporary China(2010),etc..

ZHANG Jing: Professor of Sociology, Peking University. She obtained PhD at Chinese University, Hong Kong, in 1995. Zhang Jing is Researcher in the Center for Civil Society Studies at Peijing University. Her research fields cover Political Sociology, Sociology of Law, and Modern Transition of Chinese Society. She has published books, which include The Unit of Organized Interests(2001), Problems of Rural Governance in China (2000, 2006), Corporatism (2001, 2005), The Public rule in Rural China (2006), The State and Society (editor, 1999), Citizen Status Identity: Idea, Attitude, Certification (editor, 2006), Civic Justice in transitional China (editor, 2008).

JING Yuejin: Professor and Deputy Head, Department of Political Science, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Tsinghua University. His research interests cover political sociology, Chinese politics. Currently, his research concentrates on the transformation of China's political system, and changing state-society relations. He has published a number of books, including Introduction to Political Science (2010), On the Relations between Village Committees and Party Branches in Rural China since 1990' (2004), The Transformation of Political Space in Contemporary China (2004), Introduction to Comparative Politics (2001), Theories and Methods in Social Researches (1990).

ZHU Jiangang:Professor, Department of Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Director of the Institute of Civil Society, Executive Director of the Center On Philanthropy, Researcher of the China Cross-cultural Consulting Center, Research fellow of the Center for Civil Society Studies, CUHK, and Specially Invited Researcher of the Institute of Sociology Chinese Academy of Social Science, Visiting scholar of Harvard-Yenching Institute. Research interests: Community power, Community development, Non-Profit organizations study, Political identification, Social movement, Urban space research and Gender study. Major publications: Between the Family and the State: an ethnography of the civil associations and community movements in a Shanghai lilong neighborhood. Beijing: China Social Sciences Academic Press (2010); Community, Space, and Action. Beijing: China Social Science Press (2010); Obligation, Action, and Coorperation: case studies on NGO's participation in Wenchuan earthquake relief. Beijing: Peking University Press (2009); Power of Action: cases studies of the private volunteer organizations. Beijing: Commercial Press (2008). He also published about 40 papers in the core academic journals in Chinese and English. Telephone: 86-20-84114276; Email: zhujg@mail.sysu.edu.cn

LIU Zhiyang: Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, School of Sociology and Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University; Professor, Tibet University for Nationalities, Member of Board, China Association for Southwestern Ethnic Studies, Visiting Scholar, Tibet Center, University of Virginia, Research interest: Chinese ethnic society and culture. Author of Choices and reconstruction of cultural traditions in rural Tibet [Xiangtu Xizang wenhua chuantong de xuanze yu chonggou], Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House (Minzu chubanshe), 2006; Co-authored book, Seek Endogenous Development: The ethnic groups and cultures in Western China, Guangzhou: Sun Yat-sen University Press, 2005. He also published about 20 journal articles. He won an OutstandingAchievement Award by the StateEthnic Affairs Commissionfor Ethnic Studiesin 2010.  

DUAN Jing: Ph.D., Chinese University of Hong Kong) is Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the Sun Yat-sen University. He works on ethnicity, transnational network, globalization, Chinese communities in Burma and Thailand, and Chinese Overseas and China.

ZHOU Daming:  Professor Department of Anthropology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Director of Migrants and Ethnic Group Research Center at Sun Yat-sen University,Member of Disciplinary Appraisal Panels under the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council,Expert of evaluation committee under National social science foundation,Pearl River scholar award scheme professor,Editor in chief of International Journal of Business Anthropology,Vice president of Chinese Ethnology Association,Vice president of Chinese Anthropology and Ethnology research association,Vice director of History Anthropology Research Center of Sun Yat-sen University. Research Interests: Urban anthropology, especially rural urbanization and migrant peasant workers in China; Chinese ethnic groups, especially the ethnic minorities and their regional relations in Southwest and Northwest China; Applied anthropology, especially the implementation of participatory development in China. Major Publication: Seek Endogenous Development: The ethnic groups and cultures in Western China, Guangzhou: Sun Yat-sen University Press (2005); The Change of Phinix Village: the tracing research of Kulp's Country Life in South China, Beijing: Social science Academic Press (2006); The"Free" Urban marginals: the research of casual laborers in the cities of South-eastern China, Guangzhou: Sun Yat-sen University Press (2006); The ethnic groups and culture in Pearl River Basin, Guangzhou: Sun Yat-sen University Press (2008). Telephone/ Fax: 86-20-84114286; E-mail: hsszdm@mail.sysu.edu.cn .

 

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第4届当代中国研究国际论坛IFCCS4-LSE系列讲座

内容> [锚点]

提要 
讲座者简介(按讲座时间顺序)

值此第四届当代中国研究国际论坛(IFCCS4)在英国诺丁汉大学召开之际,中国比较研究网(CCPN)特别邀请了国内几位著名学者于9月14-16日到伦敦经济学院举办四场系列讲座,该系列讲座得到了伦敦商务孔子学院的赞助(CIBL)。欢迎大家参加, 座位有限,请确认:ccpn@lse.ac.uk |或 x.chang@lse.ac.uk |。

日期:2011年9月14日(星期三)
时间:15:00-17:00
地点:伦敦经济学院 Seligman Library (OLD 6.05), Old Building
主持人:王斯福教授(Professor Stephan Feuchtwang;CCP主任)
讲座者:温铁军教授(中国人民大学可持续发展高等研究院;农业与农村发展学院)
题目:中国60年的8次金融危机及其"软着陆"

日期:2011年9月14日(星期三)
时间:19:00-21:00
地点:伦敦经济学院Seligman Library (OLD 6.05), Old Building |
主持人:王斯福教授(Professor Stephan Feuchtwang;CCPN主任)
讲座者:陆学艺教授(中国社会学会荣誉会长)
题目:建设'社会现代化'是中国未来三十年的主要任务
[注:此讲座为中文,有英文ppt]]

日期:2011年9月15日(星期四)
时间:19:00-21:00
地点:伦敦经济学院Seligman Library (OLD 6.05), Old Building |
主持人:邓钢博士(CCPN共同主任;经济史系准教授)

讲座之一:社会重建:传统经验面临挑战,张静教授(北京大学社会学系)
讲座之二:如何理解中国政治?景跃进教授(清华大学政治学系)

日期:2011年9月16日(星期五)
时间:19:00-21:00
地点:伦敦经济学院Seligman Library (OLD 6.05), Old Building |
主持人:常向群博士(CCPN负责人,研究员)
讲座之一:当代中国的政府与非政府组织之间的关系过渡:三个非政府组织的案例研究,朱健刚教授(中山大学社会学与人类学学院)
讲座之二:藏族饮食文化的传统与变迁——一个藏族农村社区的田野调查,刘志扬副教授(中山大学社会学与人类学学院)
讲座者之三:缅甸华人——族群与公民归属,段颖博士(中山大学社会学与人类学学院)
讲座者之四:中山大学人类学系与中国人类学的发展,周大鸣教授(中山大学社会学与人类学学院)

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提要

温铁军:中国60年的8次金融危机及其"软着陆"

二战以后,世界最大原住民人口的中国曾经一度跳出发展陷阱——因其国家资本原始积累尚未完成即遭遇1957年的中苏交恶和外资中辍而不得不在国际社会封锁下"去依附(De-linking),"随之是在1959和1968发生两次债务-赤字危机的打击下走向1960年代"自力更生艰苦奋斗"。其实质是"L替代K"——以高度集体化来集中劳动力成规模投入国家基本建设,替代极度稀缺的资本[作者注1:我们在很多文章中都阐释过这个主要发生在1960年代的、被动地"去依附(de-linking)"的战略调整。但还没有掌握足够的材料来进一步分析这种经济基础领域的重大战略调整势所必然地带来苏联模式的上层建筑和意识形态领域的被动变化]。1970年代初中国迫于前苏联核威胁而恢复与西方外交关系,继续以国家负债方式进口设备,采取与所有资本短缺国家类似的"亲资本(pro-capital)"政策,也相继发生1974和1979两次债务-赤字危机[作者注2:根据1995、2009年《世界投资报告》,自1991年以来,关于FDI的政策法规总体上是朝着更有利FDI的方向发展。1991年全球对FDI政策法规进行调整的国家有35个,涉及法规调整82部,其中朝向更有利于FDI的政策法规80部,仅有2部是更限制FDI的。特别是2001-2005年间,FDI政策法规变化总数超过200部,而其中的90%左右是朝着对FDI有利的方向变化的]。1980年代中国产业资本完成了原始积累,随之而来的是结构调整及其伴生的产业资本扩张,追求"资本和技术增密"。延续发生1988和1994两次债务-赤字危机。1990年代后期在西方意识形态化的改制话语助推下,中国加快入世——挟带自身庞大的过剩产业资本进入本来就严重过剩的全球化,随即恶化了全球过剩、也促进了过剩产业资本寻找制度成本和要素、风险"低谷"的全球产业布局大调整。因对外依存度大幅度提高导致了1998和2008两次输入型通胀危机。以上8次危机有一个特点:凡是能够向乡土中国转嫁制度成本的危机就在城里软着陆,否则就硬着陆……

陆学艺:建设'社会现代化'是中国未来三十年的主要任务

将近半个世纪以前,周恩来在第三届全国人民代表大会的《政府工作报告》(1964年12月)提出,在二十世纪内,把中国建设成为一个具有现代农业、现代工业、现代国防和现代科学技术的社会主义强国。1979年12月6日,大约四十余年前,邓小平在与日本首相大平正芳会谈时提出了到二十世纪末实现'四个现代化'的量化指标,即争取国民生产总值达到人均1000美元,即实现小康水平,这个目标已经达到。现代化是一个国家或地区从传统的农业社会向现代工业社会转变的历史进程。不仅要实现经济现代化,而且还要实现政治现代化、文化现代化、社会现代化等等。2007年中共十七大会议上,在原来经济建设、政治建设、文化建设三位一体的社会主义建设事业总体布局中,加进了社会建设,发展为"四位一体"的总体布局。现在,中国的"社会现代化"正在通过已在全国各地展开的'社会建设'实现着,本文就中国社会建设的动因、现状、目标和发展阶段做一个分析。

张静:社会重建----传统经验面临挑战

随着中国经济的高速发展,"社会重建"问题引起高度关注。但它是否可能从中国传统中找到经验?对于基层社会的整合而言,我们的历史能够提供的主要是两种经验——基于原初的血缘、地缘特征结成的社会结合;基于集体化生产和再分配特征形成的社会结合。前者有相当强的局部性和分割性,其亲疏有别的个人关系规则,很难在公共社会中施展作用;而后者的被动性连接方式,妨碍经由社会成员自主选择建立主动认同和归属。而社会结构朝向多元和异质的变化,正在改变上述两种社会结合方式的存在条件。如今,我们面对的挑战是,没有现成的中国经验可循,相反,需要克服已经不适用的惯性,建设新的公共关系促成社会整合。如果传统经验不需面对公共选择,就难以给今天异质社会的整合问题提供模式。因此,社会重建"事情"虽在基层行动领域,"理念"却在宏观结构领域,表面上它是社会管理问题,,而实质上,是探寻新的社会结合形式——社会成员之共享利益及价值的协调机制和平衡结构。

景跃进:如何理解中国政治?

改革开放三十多年来,中国政治所发生的变化似乎已经超越了既有主流话语的表达框架。无论是外在的价值批判,还是心理上的等待崩溃,都映射出此一尴尬的学术困境。在这种情况下,对中国政治从事经验维度的分析需要新的学术术语。为此,我们将从两个不同的层面来思考这个问题:第一个层面要回答的核心问题是,哪些概念将有助于我们认识和把握中国政治所发生的变化?"党国体制"、"钟摆现象"、"体制内演化"这些术语被用来致力于实现这一目标。第二个层面试图超越经验描述的层次,将中国所发生的政治变化纳入到比较民主化的视野中来加以理解。为此,我们提出一种新的二分法,区分权力的来源与权力的行使。由此可以提出的问题是,在权力来源维度保持相对稳定的条件下,民主化过程能否先从权力的行使领域实质性地开展?从而从一个新的角度去思考政府与民众的关系问题(代表、回应、问责、负责、合法性等)。基于既有的发展经验,我认为,中国的政治转型必定是一种特殊类型的转型。为此,区分民主与民主化、区分普遍价值与实现方式是非常重要的。

朱健刚:当代中国的政府与非政府组织之间的关系过渡:三个非政府组织的案例研究

进入二十一世纪,中国社会的一个重要转型就是大量NGO的兴起,本文通过对草根NGO、国际NGO与GONGO三个典型组织的案例分析,指出政府和NGO的关系正发生着复杂而深刻的转变.在这种关系转变过程中,NGO与政府的互动都尽量地去政治化,而将这种互动局限在发展和社会福利场域。同时,中间人在建立两个部门之间的良性关系中起着重要作用。NGO的专家服务以及资源供给常常成为双方合作的基础,但是在这一互动过程中,国家的父权制的权力关系仍然占据支配地位。这使得NGO在合作中如何保持自主性成为NGO面临的挑战。不过这种良性互动为NGO参与社会福利政策的制定与执行提供了合法性。

刘志扬:藏族饮食文化的传统与变迁——一个藏族农村社区的田野调查

藏族饮食结构的组成和习俗从简单到复杂;从以糌粑、酥油茶为主的饮食到外来食品、工业化食品被整合为其饮食文化的一部分,在一个侧面上折射了藏族农村社会在现代化发展的进程中文化的适应、整合与变迁的过程。我将以西藏拉萨市北郊城乡结合部的娘热乡藏族农民的饮食结构和习俗为切入点,探讨在多元文化互动和现代化进程中,西藏农村社区中所显现出来的传统文化与现代化关系问题。

段颖:缅甸华人——族群与公民归属

本研究聚焦于曼德勒华人的族群特征、文化政治与身份认同,力图探讨华人1)于缅甸民族—国家进程中的历史境遇;2)如何在军事专制之下生存,又如何面对不平等的公民身份与边缘化的社会处境;3)怎样在地方化过程与跨国往来中建构对缅甸的归属与认同。通过人类学田野研究,本文意图强调,在缅甸民族—国家建设中,华人之公民归属作为一种多元、复杂的主体性建构,不仅是一种单一的合法性诉求,而且是一个意涵丰富的实践体系,华人依据各自不同的经验,创造出应对军事专制的生存策略,并以此争取社会认可,建构符合现实的公民身份与族群认同。

周大鸣:中山大学人类学系与中国人类学的发展

该讲座以中山大学人类学系的人类学、民族学的研究活动为例,对中国人类学、民族学的发展做一个历史性的回顾与反思。目的不仅是为了反思学科发展的成败得失,而且更为了应对学科本身在21 世纪发展的需要以及在全球化背景下国际对话的需求。全文分为四个部分: 首先,以中山大学人类学研究的缘起,描述人类学、民族学传入中国及其传播、实践的过程;其次,以人类学系停办但其人类学研究在考古学和民族学掩护下仍继续进行,反映中国人类学、民族学在特定历史时期的转型情况;再次,以中山大学人类学目前的研究特色和学科探索,介绍中国人类学的重建与兴盛;最后,提出以中山大学人类学学科发展为经验的反思,讨论作为学科的人类学在未来发展的方向。

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讲座者简介(按讲座时间顺序)

温铁军:管理学博士,中国人民大学二级教授、学术委员会副主任。现任中国人民大学可持续发展高等研究院执行院长,兼农业与农村发展学院院长、乡村建设中心主任、中国农村金融研究所所长。国家环境咨询委员会委员,国家985计划和北京市重点项目首席专家。研究方向:比较发展研究;乡村治理与乡村建设,及农村财政金融税费体制改革等。先后承担了多个国家社科基金和自科基金的重大、重点课题,以及教育部和其他部委的重大重点科研项目。1998年获国务院"特殊津贴专家"证书;1999年获农业部科技进步一等奖;2003年获中央电视台"年度经济人物"奖;2006年获环境保护部"中国环境大使"称号;2009年获北京市教育教学成果一等奖。主要著作有:《三农问题与制度变迁》、《中国农村基本经济制度研究》、《中国新农村建设报告》、《解读苏南》、《解读珠三角:广东发展模式和经济结构调整战略研究》、《三农问题的世纪反思》、《我们到底要什么》、《解构现代化》等。

陆学艺:中国社会科学院荣誉学部委员、社会学研究所原所长、研究员、中国社会科学院学术委员会委员、中国社会学会名誉会长。北京工业大学社会发展学院院长。北京经济社会发展研究院人力资源研究中心主任,国家社会学学科评审组副组长等职。国家有突出贡献专家。研究专长是社会学理论、社会结构研究和农村发展理论研究。陆学艺教授曾主持多项国家社会科学基金重大和重点课题研究,发表《农业发展的黄金时代》、《改革中的中国农村和中国农民》、《当代中国农村与当代中国农民》、《联产承包责任制研究》、《转型中的中国社会》、《中国社会结构变迁》、《三农论》、《中国国情丛书――百村经济社会调查》、《中国社会思想史研究》、《北京社会建设60年》等多部专著和表百余篇专业论文。

张静:香港中文大学博士,北京大学社会学系教授,公民社会研究中心研究员。她的研究领域涉及政治社会学,法律社会学,以及中国当代社会变迁。其发表作品包括《利益组织化单位》(2001);《基层政权:乡村治理诸问题》(2000,2006);《法团主义》(2001,2005);《现代公共规则与乡村社会》(2006);《国家与社会》(主编,1999);《身份认同:观念/态度/理据》(主编,2006);《转型中国:社会公正观研究》(主编,2008)

景跃进:清华大学人文社会科学学院政治学系教授兼系副主任。研究领域为政治社会学、中国政府与政治。目前关注的议题是中国政治体制的转型、国家与社会关系的变化。发表的作品有:《政治学原理》(主编,2010),《当代中国农村两委关系的微观解析与宏观透视》(2004),《政治空间的转换》(2004),《比较政治学导论》(合作,2001)等。

朱健刚:人类学博士,教授。中山大学公民与社会发展研究中心主任,中山大学公益慈善研究中心副主任,兼任中山大学移民与族群研究中心研究员,香港中文大学公民社会研究中心研究员,中国社会科学院社会学所特约研究员,美国哈佛-燕京学社访问学者。研究兴趣:社区权力,社区发展,非营利团体,认同政治,社会运动,城市空间研究,性别研究。主要著作:《国与家之间:关于上海邻里的民族志研究》,北京:中国社会科学文献出版社,2010;《社区、空间与行动》,北京:中国社会科学出版社,2010;《责任·行动·合作:512抗震救灾中的NGO合作研究》,北京:北京大学出版社,2009;《行动的力量:对民间志愿组织的实践逻辑的个案研究》,北京:商务印书馆,2008。电话:86-20-84114276,邮箱:zhujg@mail.sysu.edu.cn|。 

刘志扬:中山大学社会学与人类学学院人类学系副教授, 西藏民族学院兼职教授,中国西南民族学会常务理事,弗吉尼亚大学西藏中心访问学者。研究兴趣:中国少数民族社会与文化研究。主要成果:独著:《乡土西藏文化传统的选择与重构》,民族出版社,2006年12月;第二作者:《寻求内源发展:中国西部的民族与文化》,中山大学出版社,2006年6月。此外,还发表了近20篇学术论文。获国家民族事务委员会2010年度民族问题研究优秀成果一等奖。

段颖:2009年毕业于香港中文大学人类学系,获人类学哲学博士学位。现为中山大学人类学系助理教授,中山大学公民与社会发展研究中心研究员。研究兴趣为族群、跨国网络、全球化、泰国与缅甸华人社会,海外华人、侨乡与中国。

周大鸣:人类学博士、教授、博士生导师。中山大学中国移民与族群研究中心主任;国务院学位委员会学科评议组成员;国家社会科学基金学科评审组专家;广东省高等学校珠江学者特聘教授;美国International Journal of Business Anthropology杂志主编;中国民族学会副会长;中国人类学民族学研究会副会长;中山大学历史人类学研究中心副主任。研究兴趣为都市人类学,特别是乡村都市化、移民与农民工等;族群研究,西南和西北的少数民族研究;应用人类学,尤其是参与式发展评估等。主要著作:《寻求内源的发展——中国西部的民族与文化》,广州:中山大学出版社,2006;《凤凰村的变迁——<华南的乡村生活>追踪研究》,北京:社会科学文献出版社,2006;《"自由"的都市边缘人——中国东南沿海城市散工研究》,广州:中山大学出版社,2007;《珠江流域的族群与区域文化》,广州:中山大学出版社,2008. 电话/传真:020-84114286; 邮箱:hsszdm@mail.sysu.edu.cn |

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