Farmland protection and land reclamation:

Roundtable discussions with the MLR delegation

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  • Top Chinese government delegation visiting CCPN on environmental issues

Top Chinese government delegation visiting CCPN on environmental issues

On 18th November 2010, the delegation led by Mr Liu Renfu, Deputy Counsel, Department of Cultivated Land Protection, Ministry of Land and Resources of the People's Republic of China, made an official visit in London.

Mr. Liu, described by his colleagues as the top decision-maker when it comes to issues of land reclamation in China, leads the Department of Cultivated Land Protection in China's Ministry of Land and Resources. The Department formulates policies for the special protection and encouragement of arable land development, as well as policies for farmland protection and land treatment, administrative methods for farmland application transfers, provisions for unused land development, land consolidation, land restoration and arable land development.

The problems they face include managing the land use issues in the urbanization of rural areas, and protecting and increasing the productive capacities of farmland in order to continue to feed the Chinese population. The government of China has been concerned about its ability to continue feeding its growing population since the mid-1990s.

It has targeted conversion of farmland to industrial and residential uses, especially in the most productive agricultural regions, as the chief threat to the nation's continued capacity to produce adequate levels of staple cereal crops. China is land poor, in that only about one-third of its total land area, which is roughly equal to that of the United States, can be utilized productively for agriculture. Several measures have been introduced with the aim of protecting farmland, especially farmland with the greatest production potential.

The delegation was hosted by CCNP in a policy roundtable with CCNP's Dr. Xiangqun Chang, Erika Helms, Jackson Ng, Wei Yang, a PhD student of Social Policy at LSE, as well as Professor Stephen Nortcliff of the University of Reading's Department of Geography and Environmental Science and Researchers from Germany and the Netherlands. The event was chaired by Dr. Kent Deng, Co-Director of CCPN.

There was lively discussion, including around the issue of defining the "public interest" for any land use policy, and also that one of the issues in China is making the government policy more transparent for the public. The delegation defended the relationships between national-level and local-level authorities in China when it comes to land use negotiations. They said that since the national-level listens to local needs, while the local-level must follow national policy, disputes arise not over policy, but when the approval processes take time and delay local projects.

Earlier, the delegation met with Mr. C. Ian Pickard and Ms. Karen West of DEFRA's Farming for the Future Programme. Mr. Pickard briefed the delegation about the new UK government's process of developing a business plan that will provide policy recommendations to local government with regard to farmland protection so that the UK can continue to produce the majority of the food needed by UK residents while making a positive net environmental contribution, notably in respect of climate change, and managing the landscape and the natural assets that underlie it.

Although Mr. Pickard and Mr. Liu found that they are facing the same issues in their respective countries, the main difference in implementation is that China's system is top-down so that the central government makes policies that local governments have to follow. As Mr. Pickard explained, his department makes policy recommendations and frameworks that are meant to advise local government, which is where the policy decisions are made. When large-scale disputes arise with regards to local-level policy decisions, those may come up to the national-level for consultation and recommendations, but will still be decided at the local level.

This was then followed by an intensive discussion with Professor Stephen Nortcliff on land reclamation and land use. Professor Nortcliff pointed out the European Union actually has a very interesting policy of rewarding farmers for soil management as well as production, but that this law has not been adopted by the UK yet. They also discussed the common difficulties of managing and funding the mitigation of polluted land.

At the end of the day, Mr. Liu concluded, "We learned today that all of the problems we are facing and the measures we are implementing are also being faced and implemented here. Thus, we must be doing things right and we actually have nothing to learn from a country like England."

Time: 3:00-5:00pm, 18 Nov (Thursday)
Venue: CDR, 5th Floor, Old Building
Chair: Dr Kent Deng
Convenors: Dr Xiangqun Chang, Ms Erika Helms and Mr Jackson Ng

List of delegates

  • Mr Liu Renfu, Deputy Counsel, Department of Farmland Protection, (MLR)
  • Ms Feng Huijun, Consultant, Department of Farmland Protection, (MLR)
  • Mr Zhang Qingchun, Senior Engineer, Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Centre, (MLR)
  • Mr Tian Chaoqi, Principal Staff Member, Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Legislative Affairs Office of the State Council,
  • Mr Cao Guosheng, Deputy Director-general, Department of Land and Resources, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,
  • Mr Chen Batu, Division Chief, Department of Land and Resources, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

Background

The Function and responsibility of the Department of Farmland Protection, Ministry of Land and Resources is the following: to formulate policies for the special protection and encouragement of arable land development, policies for farmland protection and land treatment, administrative methods for farmland application transfers, formulating provisions for unused land development, land consolidation, land restoration and arable land development; to guide the control of farmland applications, and organize the prime farmland protections.

The government of China has been concerned about its ability to continue feeding its growing population since the mid-1990s. It has targeted conversion of farmland to industrial and residential uses, especially in the most productive agricultural regions, as the chief threat to the nation's continued capacity to produce adequate levels of staple cereal crops. China is land poor. Only about one-third of its total land area, which is roughly equal to that of the United States, can be utilized productively for agriculture. Several measures have been introduced with the aim of protecting farmland, especially farmland with the greatest production potential.

The purposes of the visit are to explore

1. History and development of farmland protection and land reclamation in UK.
2. Farmland protection and land reclamation law, regulation and policy
3. Development of agriculture industry, natural resources exploitation (mineral)
4. Administration departments for farmland protection and land reclamation
5. Measures, technology standards, investment for farmland protection and land reclamation
6. Comparative research between China and UK in these areas
7. Collaboration between LSE and UK experts and those in China   

Other activities that are coordinated by the CCPN

 

Click HERE to Chinese page

农地保护与土地开垦: 与国土资源部代表团的圆桌讨论

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  • 中国政府高层代表团在环境议题方面对中国比较研究会进行了访问

中国政府高层代表团在环境议题方面对中国比较研究会进行了访问

2010年11月18日, 由中华人民共和国国土资源部农地保护部 Deputy Counsel  Liu Renfu 先生率领的代表团对伦敦进行了官式访问。

被他的同事们形容为涉及到中国的土地复垦问题时的顶级决策者的刘先生在中国的国土资源部领导耕地保护部门。该部制定耕地开发的特殊保护和鼓励耕地保护和土地处理,农田应用程序传输的行政手段,对未利用土地开发,土地整理,土地复垦和耕地开发政策的规定以及政策。该部门制定耕地开发的特殊保护和鼓励的政策,耕地保护和土地处理的政策,农田应用程序转移的行政手段,及对未利用土地开发,土地整理,土地复垦和耕地开发的规定。

他们面临的问题包括管理在农村地区的城市化进程中的土地利用问题,及保护和提高耕地的生产能力以继续养活中国人口。中国政府自90年代中期一直关注其继续养活它不断增长的人口的能力。

它针对了将农地转化为工业和住宅用途,特别是在最有生产力的农业地区,成为国家生产足够水平的谷类作物的持续能力的主要威胁。 中国缺乏土地,只有约土地总面积的三分之一,大致相当于美国的,可有效地用于农业。几项措施已经相继出台以保护耕地,特别是有最大生产潜力的耕地。

这个代表团由CCPN招待并与CCPN的常向群博士, Erika Helms, Jackson Ng, LSE社会政策博士生Wei Yang, Reading大学地理和环境科学系教授Stephen Nortcliff及来自德国和荷兰的研究者进行园桌会议。活动是由CCPN的共同主任邓钢博士主持。

有热烈的讨论, 包括围绕定义任何土地使用政策的“公共利益”的的问题, 而在中国其中一个问题是使政府的政策对公众更加透明。代表团在涉及土地使用谈判的时候捍卫了中国的国家级和地方级的主管部门之间的关系。他们说由于国家级听当地的需求, 而地方级必须遵循国家政策, 纠纷并非出现在政策上, 而在审批过程需要时间和延误地方项目上。

较早前代表团见过为未来耕种计划的C. Ian Pickard先生和Karen West 小姐。Pickard先生向代表团介绍了英国新政府发展一个商业计划向地方政府提供关于耕地保护使英国能够继续生产大部分英国居民所需要的食物而同时作出了积极的净环保的贡献, 特别是在有关气候变化和管理景观及它背后的自然资产的政策建议的过程。

虽然 Pickard 先生和刘先生发现他们在其国家正在面对同样的问题, 在执行中最大的分别在于中国的体制是自上而下, 中央政府制定的政策地方政府一定要跟随。像 Pickard 先生所解释, 他的部门制定政策建议和框架去建议地方政府, 而政策决定就是在那里作出的。当与地方层次的政策决定有关的大型纠纷出现的时候, 他们可能会到全国层次找商讨和建议, 但是还是会在地方层次被决定。

接着与 Stephen Nortcliff 教授在土地复垦和土地利用方面有一个深入的讨论。Nortcliff 教授指出欧盟实际上有一个很有趣的政策给农民报酬去管理土地和生产, 但是这个法律还没有被英国所采取。他们也有讨论管理和提供i资金给缓解污染土地的共同困难。

刘先生最后总结, "我们今天知道我们正在面对的问题及我们正在执行的措施也正在这里被面对和执行。因此, 我们一定把事情做对及我们实际上有东西从一个像英国的国家那里学到。"

时间: 11月18日 (星期四) 下午3点至5点
地点: CDR, Old Building 5楼
主席: 邓钢博士
召集人: 常向群博士,Erika Helms 小姐和Jackson Ng 先生

代表团名单

  • Liu Renfu先生, Deputy Counsel, 农地保护部 (国土资源部)
  • Feng Huijun小姐, 农地保护部顾问 (国土资源部)
  • Zhang Qingchun先生, 土地整理及复原中心 (国土资源部) 高级工程师
  • Tian Chaoqi先生, 农林部 Principal Staff 成员, 国务院 Legislative Affairs 办公室
  • Cao Guosheng先生, 广西壮族自治区土地及资源部副局长
  • Chen Batu先生, 内蒙古自治区土地及资源部部门主管

背景

The Function and responsibility of Department of Farmland Protection, Ministry of Land and Resources: to formulate policies for the special protection and encouragement of arable land development, policies for farmland protection and land treatment, administrative methods for farmland application transfers, formulate provisions for unused land development, land consolidation, land restoration and arable land development; to guide the control of farmland applications, organize the prime farmland protections.

The government of China has been concerned about its ability to continue feeding its growing population since the mid-1990s. It has targeted conversion of farmland to industrial and residential uses, especially in the most productive agricultural regions, as the chief threat to the nation's continued capacity to produce adequate levels of staple cereal crops. China is land poor. Only about one-third of its total land area, which is roughly equal to that of the United States, can be utilized productively for agriculture. Several measures have been introduced with the aim of protecting farmland, especially farmland with the greatest production potential.

访问目的

1. 英国农地保护和土地开垦的历史和发展
2. 农地保护和土地开垦的法律,规则和政策
3. Development of agriculture industry, natural resources exploitation (mineral)
4. Administration departments for farmland protection and land reclamation
5. Measures, technology standards, investment for farmland protection and land reclamation
6. Comparative research between China and UK in the areas
7. Collaboration between LSE and UK experts and those in China

其他 CCPN安排的活动

 

 

(韩志豪译)

 

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